New York Turn-VereinBegin Exploring this Site
Description: The New York Turn Verein was established in 1850 to promote physical education, as well as the political, social and cultural needs of German immigrants.
Closest Address: 150 E 85th St, Manhattan, NY 10028, USA
Suggested time to explore: 0 hr 5 min
References and Photo Credits
American Turners logo. (n.d.). http://www.atnybx.com/images/logo1.jpg
American Turners of New York. ATNY History. http://www.atnybx.com/.
Borkowski, Katherine. Untitled photographs. (2011).
Catton, Bruce. (1965). Never call retreat: The Civil War. New York: Doubleday & Co.
Kappesser, Gary. Detail of bronze plaque at base of monument. http://gkkapp.home.infionline.net/bronze at base of Turner Monument Antietam.jpg
Kappesser, Gary. Monument to 20th NYSV at Antietam Battlefield. http://gkkapp.home.infionline.net/Turner Monument Antietam Battlefield.jpg
King, Moses. (1892). King’s handbook of New York city: An outline history and description of the American metropolis. New York: Moses King. Reprint: Barnes and Noble 2001.
Library of Congress. Col. Ernest M.P. Von Vegesack, 20th New York Infantry "United Turner Regiment." (1863, June 1). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cwpb.01303
Library of Congress. Female students exercising with dumbbells, Western High School, Washington, D.C. (1899?). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a08812
Library of Congress. Male students exercising, some with equipment, Western High School, Washington, D.C. (1899). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a16946
The New York Times. New-York Turn Verein’s forty-fifth anniversary celebrated. (1895, June 7). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F40B1FFE3B5911738DDDAE0894DE405B8585F0D3
NYPL Digital Gallery. The American Olympic Team of 1912. (1912). Image ID: 101297. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?101297
NYPL Digital Gallery. Battle of Antietam. (1862). Image ID: 813281 http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?813281
Sears, Stephen. W. (1983). Landscape turned red: The battle of Antietam. New Haven, CT: Popular Library.
Turn Verein, 66 and 68 East 4th Street [photograph]. In: Moses King. (1892). King’s handbook of New York city: An outline history and description of the American metropolis (p. 527). New York: Moses King. Reprint: Barnes and Noble 2001.
Turnfest at Jones Wood, NY. In: Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper (1864, October 12). Collection of Gary Kappesser. http://gkkapp.home.infionline.net/turnfest.jpg
Wikipedia. Berlin, March 1848. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Maerz1848_berlin.jpg
Wikipedia. Milwaukee Bundesturnhalle. Gymnastics room in the National Gymnastics Hall at Milwaukee. (ca. 1900). In: George Brosius (1914), Fifty Years Devoted to the Cause of Physical Culture, 1864-1914 (p. 69). Milwaukee: Germania Publishing. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Milwaukee_Bundesturnhalle.jpg
Wikipedia. Milwaukee Gymnasium. (1869). In: George Brosius (1914), Fifty Years Devoted to the Cause of Physical Culture, 1864-1914 (p. 19). Milwaukee: Germania Publishing. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Milwaukee_Gymnasium_1869.jpg