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Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

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Referenced in: Goethe-Institut Uptown Building

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Referenced in: Scheffel Hall, Astor Place

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Referenced in: Germania bank

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Referenced in: Germania bank

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Referenced in: German Dispensary

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Referenced in: German Dispensary

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Referenced in: Scheffel Hall

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Referenced in: Old Town Bar

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Referenced in: Kiehl’s

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Referenced in: German Odd Fellows Hall

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Referenced in: Germania bank

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Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

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Referenced in: German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse

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Referenced in: German Dispensary

Flickr. NYC – East Village: Tompkins Square Park. Gobetz, Wally, photographer. (2006, June 10). http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/164939110/#/

Referenced in: Tompkins Square Park

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Referenced in: Old Town Bar

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Referenced in: Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady of Sorrows

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Referenced in: First German Baptist church

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Referenced in: Zion St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church

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Heidelberg Restaurant. http://heidelbergrestaurant.com/

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Hoeller, Sophie. (2010, September 24). An Oktoberfest tour of “Little Germany.” The Local East Village Blog, The New York Times. http://eastvillage.thelocal.nytimes.com/2010/09/24/an-oktoberfest-tour-of-little-germany/

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Keppler, Joseph. Portrait of Joseph Ferdinand Keppler. (1893). http://www.sil.si.edu/OnDisplay/caricatures/fullsize/SIL25-02-01a.jpg

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King, Moses. Puck Building [photograph]. In: Moses King. (1895). King’s photographic views of New York. New York: M. King. Collection of Tom Miller. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_3k2ilY9vkCY/TTLbmy_qSgI/AAAAAAAACMM/wUddUvm1OYM/s1600/puck+building+1888.JPG

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Know Nothings. In: Encyclopedia of Alabama. http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Multimedia.jsp?id=m-2445

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Landmarks Preservation Commission. (1981, August 11). Designation list 146, Ottendorfer Branch. http://www.neighborhoodpreservationcenter.org/db/bb_files/1981OttendorferBranchInterior.pdf

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Landmarks Preservation Commission. (1983, April 12). Designation list 164, Puck Building. http://www.neighborhoodpreservationcenter.org/db/bb_files/1983PuckBuilding.pdf

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Landmarks Preservation Commission. (1997, June 24). Designation list 283, (Former) Scheffel Hall, 190 Third Avenue. http://www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/downloads/pdf/reports/scheffelhall.pdf

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Landmarks Preservation Commission. (2001, June 26). Designation list 329, German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse, 12 St. Mark’s Place. http://www.neighborhoodpreservationcenter.org/db/bb_files/01-GERMAN-AMERICAN.pdf

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Landmarks Preservation Commission. (2005, March 29). Designation list 360, (Former) Germania Bank Building, 190 Bowery. http://www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/downloads/pdf/reports/germania.pdf

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Landmarks Preservation Commission. (2009, November 17). Designation list 423, Aschenbroedel Verein(later Gesangverein Schillerbund/ now La Mama Experimental Theatre Club) Building, 74 E. 4th Street. www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/downloads/pdf/reports/AschenbroedelVerein.pdf

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Landmarks Preservation Commission. (2010, March 23). Designation list 427, Germania Fire Insurance Company Bowery Building; main façade 1939 & 1984 [photographs]; main façade 1979 [photograph] (Ingo Swann, photographer); main façade 2010 [photograph] (Christopher D. Brazee, photographer). http://www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/downloads/pdf/reports/germaniafinal.pdf

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Lenehan, Michael. (1997, March). K 2571: The making of a Steinway grand. http://www.sherwinbeach.com/lenehan/K2571.htm

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Library of Congress. Charles Lindbergh, wearing helmet with goggles up, in open cockpit of airplane at Lambert Field, St. Louis, Missouri. (1923). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b16304

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Library of Congress. The expected. Keppler, Udo J., artist. (1908, October 28). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.26316

Referenced in: Puck Building

Library of Congress. Feldsee and Feldberger Hotel, Black Forest, Baden, Germany. (between ca. 1890 and ca. 1900). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.00259

Referenced in: Immanuel Lutheran Church

Library of Congress. Female students exercising with dumbbells, Western High School, Washington, D.C. (1899?). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a08812

Referenced in: Turn Verein

Library of Congress. Frank Gilhooley, baseball player with the New York Yankees, swings his bat at home plate. (1913). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c33663

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

Library of Congress. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left. (ca. 1920). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a13587

Referenced in: German Odd Fellows Hall

Library of Congress. Geo. Winter Brewing Co. bock beer. Brewery 55th St. betw. 2d & 3d Avs., N.Y. (ca. 1900). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.09484

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

Library of Congress. German immigrants boarding a ship for America in the late 19th century. (n.d.). http://www.loc.gov/rr/european/imde/images/ship-med.jpg

Referenced in: Welcome to German Traces NYC

Library of Congress. Germania fire insurance company. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pga.02215

Referenced in: Germania Fire Insurance

Library of Congress. The great fire of the city of New York, 16 December 1835. (1836, April 18). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pga.01587

Referenced in: Germania Fire Insurance

Library of Congress. Great riot at the Astor Place Opera House, New York: on Thursday evening May 10th 1849. Currier, Nathaniel, artist. (ca. 1849). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b50406

Referenced in: Astor Place

Library of Congress. His first bath. Keppler, Udo J., artist. (1904, May 4). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.25845

Referenced in: Puck Building

Library of Congress. The homestead riot. Snyder, W.P., artist. (1892). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c26046

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

Library of Congress. Jacob Ruppert & Walter Johnson, Washington AL. (1925, April 16). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ggbain.50531

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

Library of Congress. Judge Kenesaw Landis, Baseball Commissioner, & Jacob Ruppert, owner of New York AL (baseball). (1922). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ggbain.33201

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

Library of Congress. Latest thing in flasks. Mlle. Rhea, dainty dancer who is now in the city as part of the Keiths program inaugurates the garter flask fad in Washington. (1926, January 26). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ds.00150

Referenced in: Old Town Bar

Library of Congress. The Lucrezia Borgia of journalism. (1910, September 7). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.27664

Referenced in: Puck Building

Library of Congress. Male students exercising, some with equipment, Western High School, Washington, D.C. (1899). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a16946

Referenced in: Turn Verein

Library of Congress. Money talks. Keppler, Udo J., artist. (1906, September 12). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.26094

Referenced in: Puck Building

Library of Congress. Nevermore. Keppler, Udo J., artist. (1900, November 7). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.25470

Referenced in: Puck Building

Library of Congress. New York City Deputy Police Commissioner John A. Leach, right, watching agents pour liquor into sewer following a raid during the height of prohibition. (1921?). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c23257

Referenced in: Old Town Bar

Library of Congress. New York City, interior of tenement house. Detroit Publishing Co. (between 1900 and 1910). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/det.4a20824

Referenced in: Tenement Museum

Library of Congress. New York Yankees, baseball card portrait. (1913). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/bbc.2079f

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

Library of Congress. Portrait of Les Paul, New York, N.Y.(?), ca. Jan. 1947. Gottlieb, William P., photographer. (1947, January). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.music/gottlieb.07001

Referenced in: Scheffel Hall

Library of Congress. The red flag in New York - riotous Communist workingmen driven from Tompkins Square by the mounted police, Tuesday, January 13th / Matt Morgen(?). (1874). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c11180

Referenced in: Tompkins Square Park

Library of Congress. Riot at the Astor-Place Opera-House, New York. In: Illustrated London News (1849, June 2). http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/british/images/225vc.jpg

Referenced in: Astor Place

Library of Congress. Some snapshots at statesmen and politicians as they walk about the streets of Washington. (1903, February 15). http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1903-02-15/ed-1/seq-31/

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

Library of Congress. Theodore Roosevelt, three quarter length portrait, facing front. (1904). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a53299

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

Library of Congress. Theodore Thomas and his orchestra at Steinway Hall, N.Y. (ca. 1890). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b46751

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons

Library of Congress. Tompkins Square [park]. (between ca. 1910 and ca. 1915). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ggbain.09628

Referenced in: Tompkins Square Park

Library of Congress. Walter Damrosch. (n.d.). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ggbain.01155

Referenced in: Aschenbroedel Hall, Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

Library of Congress. Wear your Fourth Liberty Loan honor button--4th Liberty Loan bonds. (1918). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3g08057

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

Library of Congress. Whirl of the Whirl, Luna Park, Coney Island, N.Y. (ca. 1905). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/det.4a12430

Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

Library of Congress. William Randolph Hearst, 1863-1951. (ca. 1904). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b16392

Referenced in: Puck Building

Library of Congress. Yankee Stadium. (1923, April 3). http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ggbain.35683

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

Library of Congress, Serials and Government Publications Division. Front page of the July 18, 1886 Sunday edition of the N.Y. Staats-Zeitung.

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library

Liederkranz of the City of New York. History. http://www.liederkranzny.org/history.html

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

Mangels Portrait. Brooklyn Public Library. http://brooklynology.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/post/2009/08/31/WF-Mangels-and-his-Amusing-Career.aspx

Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

Mattera, John. (2004 June 15). Remembering the 100th anniversary of the General Slocum disaster. The Daily Plant XIX (4130). http://www.nycgovparks.org/news/daily-plant?id=19041

Referenced in: Zion St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church

McCullough, D.G. (1992). Brave companions: Portraits in history. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Referenced in: Brooklyn Bridge

MCNY Collections Portal. 115 East 58th Street. Liederkranz Hall. (ca. 1905). http://tinyurl.com/czjxfqe

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

MCNY Collections Portal. 190-194 Spring Street and Bowery, N.W. corner. Germania Bank. (ca. 1905). http://collections.mcny.org/MCNY/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=MNY_HomePage - /ViewBox_VPage&VBID=24UP1GTSGECN&IT=Zoo

Referenced in: Germania bank

MCNY Collections Portal. 190-194 Spring Street at the N.W. corner Bowery. Germania Bank interior. (1905). http://tinyurl.com/cjsjbvg

Referenced in: Germania bank

MCNY Collections Portal. 5th Avenue and 87th Street. Phipps residence, front elevation. (ca. 1910). http://tinyurl.com/ceylssw

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

MCNY Collections Portal. 86th Street at the East River. Carl Schurz Park. (1906, January 1). http://tinyurl.com/6s5wse7

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. Aerial view of Carl Schurz Park with Gracie Mansion visible in the trees and the Hell Gate portion of the East River beyond. Hassler, William Davis, photographer. (ca. 1915). http://tinyurl.com/6owqqbr

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. Carl Schurz Park and Hell Gate on the East River. Boys on grass, people strolling, and trees are visible. (ca. 1915). http://tinyurl.com/7g9mef5

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. Club, Liederkranz, 58th St. & Park Ave. (ca. 1898). http://tinyurl.com/bo5445j

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

MCNY Collections Portal. Club, Liederkranz, 58th St. & Park Ave. Portrait of fifteen men dressed in traditional German costume/uniforms, wearing swords, at the Liederkranz Club. (ca. 1896). http://tinyurl.com/cte9q68

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York, Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. Club, Liederkranz, 58th St. & Park Ave. Portrait of nine women dressed in traditional German costume holding baskets at the Liederkranz Club. (ca. 1896). http://tinyurl.com/br3gc9q

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

MCNY Collections Portal. The Cooper Union at Astor Place between Bowery and 3rd Ave. The elevated is visible to the left. (ca. 1899). http://collections.mcny.org/MCNY/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=MNY_HomePage - /ViewBox_VPage&VBID=24UP1GTS6JCS&IT=ZoomImageTemplate01_VForm&IID=2F3XC58P7C6I&PN=26&CT=Search

Referenced in: Astor Place

MCNY Collections Portal. East 14th Street. Original Steinway Hall. Wurtz Bros., photographers. (ca. 1905). http://tinyurl.com/6srrmwa

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons

MCNY Collections Portal. German Hospital & Dispensary. (ca. 1900). http://tinyurl.com/cbyn46n

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library, Welcome to German Traces NYC, German Dispensary

MCNY Collections Portal. The German Hospital & Dispensary at 137 2nd Avenue at 8th Street. (1899). http://tinyurl.com/bvwhcct

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library, German Dispensary

MCNY Collections Portal. Gracie Mansion. Byron Company, photographer. (ca. 1900). http://tinyurl.com/7evwklr

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. Gracie Mansion. Hassler, William Davis, photographer. (ca. 1915). http://tinyurl.com/7tu2xz2

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. Gracie Mansion drawing room, Sheraton influence. Byron Company, photographer. (ca. 1900). http://tinyurl.com/6m8pl42

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. Gracie Mansion interior. Byron Company, photographer. (ca. 1900). http://tinyurl.com/84plzxc

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. Liederkranz Building. (ca. 1890). http://tinyurl.com/bu74pk7

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

MCNY Collections Portal. Opening of Steinway Factory. (1860). http://tinyurl.com/7nzd9sm

Referenced in: Steinway Village

MCNY Collections Portal. A path in Carl Schurz park leading to the river. Hassler, William Davis, photographer. (ca. 1915). http://tinyurl.com/88omrq5

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. The restaurant of the Aschenbroedel Verein club at 146 East 86th Street. (1914). http://tinyurl.com/6pz42px

Referenced in: Aschenbroedel Hall

MCNY Collections Portal. Ruppert Brewery, watercolor perspective. Hughson Hawley, artist. (1914). http://tinyurl.com/6rsk9p5

Referenced in: Ruppert Park, Wankel’s Hardware Store

MCNY Collections Porta. Steinway. Steinway & Sons piano factory complex. Byron Company, photographer. (1902). http://tinyurl.com/6uhblhz

Referenced in: Steinway Village

MCNY Collections Portal. Steinway. Steinway & Sons piano factory with several factory buildings set in an open field. Byron Company, photographer. (1902). http://tinyurl.com/6luptfq

Referenced in: Steinway Village

MCNY Collections Portal. Steinway Hall, 109-111 East 14th Street. (ca. 1875). http://tinyurl.com/77jcs69

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons

MCNY Collections Portal. Steinway house. (ca. 1890). http://tinyurl.com/6m7zmb2

Referenced in: Steinway Village

MCNY Collections Portal. Steinway house. (ca. 1900). http://tinyurl.com/6q2fe4l

Referenced in: Steinway Village

MCNY Collections Portal. The Tickler at Luna Park, Coney Island. (ca. 1905). http://collections.mcny.org/MCNY/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=MNY_HomePage - /ViewBox_VPage&VBID=24UP1GZQP7BO&IT=ZoomImageTemplate01_VForm&IID=2F3HRG26MDI&PN=1&CT=Search

Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

MCNY Collections Portal. The Tickler at Luna Park, Coney Island, N.Y. (ca. 1910). http://collections.mcny.org/MCNY/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=MNY_HomePage#/ViewBox_VPage&VBID=24UP1GZ4H6D8&IT=ZoomImageTemplate01_VForm&IID=2F3HRG26KN1&PN=3&CT=Search

Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

MCNY Collections Portal. View from 84th St. park over East River. Bracklow, Robert L., photographer. (ca. 1900). http://tinyurl.com/6ufan8s

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

MCNY Collections Portal. The Whip and Top, Coney Island, N.Y. (1920). http://collections.mcny.org/MCNY/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=MNY_HomePage - /ViewBox_VPage&VBID=24UP1GZQPE6W&IT=ZoomImageTemplate01_VForm&IID=2F3HRG2M32U&PN=3&CT=Search

Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

Meline, Gabe. (2009, March 11). The new fraternals. Metroactive. http://www.metroactive.com/bohemian/03.11.09/feature-fraternals-0910.html

Referenced in: German Odd Fellows Hall

Merwin, Hugh. (2009, August 26). Whit Stilman, filmmaker. Gothamist. http://gothamist.com/2009/08/26/whit_stillman_filmmaker.php

Referenced in: Old Town Bar

Milk, Tim. (2011, June 15). The General Slocum and the two Evas. The Local East Village Blog, The New York Times. http://tinyurl.com/ckotbcs

Referenced in: Slocum Memorial, Tompkins Square Park

Miller, Tom. The 1892 Old Town Bar – 45 East 18th Street. (2010, September 23). http://daytoninmanhattan.blogspot.com/2010/09/1892-old-town-bar.html

Referenced in: Old Town Bar

Muller & Abel Organs Advertisement. In: The Music Trade Review 18 (38). (1894, April 21). http://mtr.arcade-museum.com/MTR-1894-18-38-APRIL-21/index.php?page_no=13&fname=MTR-1894-18-38-APRIL-21-13.pdf

Referenced in: St. Joseph’s Yorkville

National Archives. List of Slocum dead may now reach 1,000. The World (1904, June 15). http://www.archives.gov/research/images/slocum-headlines.pdf

Referenced in: Zion St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Welcome to German Traces NYC, Slocum Memorial

National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institute. The William Steinway Diary, 1861-1896. http://americanhistory.si.edu/steinwaydiary/

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons, Steinway Village, Steinway Tunnel

New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists. Church of St. Joseph - Yorkville. http://www.nycago.org/Organs/NYC/html/StJosephRCYorkville.html

Referenced in: St. Joseph’s Yorkville

New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists. Church of the Most Holy Redeemer. http://www.nycago.org/Organs/NYC/html/MostHolyRedeemer.html

Referenced in: Church of the Most Holy Redeemer

New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists. Immanuel Lutheran Church. http://www.nycago.org/Organs/NYC/html/ImmanuelLuth.html

Referenced in: Immanuel Lutheran Church

New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists. Original design (Church of the Most Holy Redeemer) [illustration]. (1852). http://www.nycago.org/Organs/NYC/img/MostHolyRedeemer1852.jpg

Referenced in: St. Joseph’s Yorkville, Church of the Most Holy Redeemer

New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists. St. Joseph’s Church [photograph]. (1874). http://www.nycago.org/Organs/NYC/img/StJosephYorkville1874.jpg

Referenced in: St. Joseph’s Yorkville

New York City Chapter of the American Guild or Organists. Untitled photograph of First German Baptist church. http://www.nycago.org/Organs/NYC/img/FirstGermanBapt1916Ext.jpg

Referenced in: First German Baptist church

New-York Historical Society. (2008). Guide to the records of the Harmonie Club. (1852-1947). New York: New York University Libraries. http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/harmonie.html

Referenced in: Harmonie Club

New York Philharmonic Archives. The gay nineties. 5 member street brass band in the 1890s. Image ID: 801-9169. http://archives.nyphil.org/index.php/artifact/ff39a3d3-a249-4c8c-87b9-7e35443a6de8?search-type=singleFilter&s

Referenced in: Aschenbroedel Hall

New York Philharmonic Archives. Second violin in White House Orchestra. Image ID: 801-9011. http://archives.nyphil.org/index.php/artifact/f0ec7a86-b577-4826-9761-f5535de86f17

Referenced in: Aschenbroedel Hall

New York Philharmonic Archives. Thomas Orchestra at Gilmore’s Garden. Image ID: 801-4036. http://archives.nyphil.org/index.php/artifact/f8c06256-2ff6-4c0d-98ad-a4d9fa84c7cd/fullview - page/1/mode/1up

Referenced in: Aschenbroedel Hall

New York Public Library. About the Ottendorfer Library. http://www.nypl.org/locations/tid/56/about

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library

New York Public Library. (n.d.). History of The New York Public Library. http://www.nypl.org/help/about-nypl/history

Referenced in: Astor Place

The New York Times. $275,000,000 bank by triple merger. (1927, July 9). http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30716FB3D5812738DDDA00894DF405B878EF1D3

Referenced in: Germania bank

The New York Times. Belmont Tunnel may delay opening. (1907, October 22). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9403E1DF173EE233A25751C2A9669D946697D6CF

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

The New York Times. Berger, Joseph. On the Upper East Side, memories fueled by strudel. (2006, April 7). http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/07/arts/07manh.html?pagewanted=1&sq=Glaser&st=cse%27s%20Bake%20Shop&scp=3

Referenced in: Glaser’s bake shop

The New York Times. Berger, Joseph. Subway work on 2nd Avenue orphans stores. (2010, October 5). http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C06E2DC153AF936A35753C1A9669D8B63&scp=2&sq=Heidelberg+Restaurant&st=nyt

Referenced in: Heidelberg Restaurant, Schaller & Weber

The New York Times. Berger, Meyer. About New York: 3d Ave apothecary shop does big business in love philter and conjure medicines. (1959, January 7).

Referenced in: Kiehl’s

The New York Times. Berger, Meyer. Misty eyed survivors of the Slocum to mark 50th year since that tragic picnic trip. (1954, June 9). http://tinyurl.com/c4caws6

Referenced in: Slocum Memorial, Tompkins Square Park

The New York Times. Bernard, Anne. Nerves exposed, Second Avenue waits for its subway. (2007, October 7). http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/07/nyregion/07subway.html?scp=1&sq=second+ave+subway+shops&st=nyt

Referenced in: Heidelberg Restaurant

The New York Times. The Bowery awakens to an upbeat trend. (1966, October 16). http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F20C14FC3F54117B93C4A8178BD95F428685F9

Referenced in: Germania bank

The New York Times. The building of the bridge. (1883, May 24). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9F01E5DC1431E433A25757C2A9639C94629FD7CF

Referenced in: Brooklyn Bridge

The New York Times. Carl Pfeiffer’s death. (1888, April 29). http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F60715FE395413738DDDA00A94DC405B8884F0D3

Referenced in: Germania Fire Insurance

The New York Times. Carl Schurz is dead after a week’s illness. (1906, May 15). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F60A10F63A5A12738DDDAC0994DD405B868CF1D3

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

The New York Times. Ceiling section falls in church. (1969, June 20). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=FA0C14FC385E1B7493C2AB178DD85F4D8685F9

Referenced in: Immanuel Lutheran Church

The New York Times. Col. Jacob Ruppert. (1897, June 20). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F60814F9395416738DDDA90A94DE405B8785F0D3

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

The New York Times. The coming big Schuetzenfest. (1895, June 18). http://tinyurl.com/cezg5mh

Referenced in: German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse

The New York Times. Drops name Germania. (1918, March 1). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=940DE7DA113FE433A25752C0A9659C946996D6CF

Referenced in: Germania Fire Insurance

The New York Times. Dunlap, David W. In the heart of Yorkville, life has changed for German Catholics. (2008, April 19). http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/19/nyregion/19german.html?scp=1&sq=Glaser%27s%20Bake%20Shop&st=cse

Referenced in: Glaser’s bake shop, Church of the Most Holy Redeemer

The New York Times. Fires in incendiary belt. (1900, June 14). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9505E0D61339E733A25757C1A9609C946197D6CF

Referenced in: Wankel’s Hardware Store

The New York Times. First subway car in Steinway Tunnel. (1915, June 14). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9900E4DD1038E633A25757C1A9609C946496D6CF

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

The New York Times. Funeral services for Oswald Ottendorfer. (1900, December 19). http://tinyurl.com/c6wgyen

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

The New York Times. The General Slocum, an unlucky craft. (1904, June 16). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9D04EFDE113DE633A25755C1A9609C946597D6CF

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The New York Times. Germania Bank’s new home. (1898, December 29). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F4091EFF345D11738DDDA00A94DA415B8885F0D3

Referenced in: Germania bank

The New York Times Germania bank gets a new name. (1918, April 15). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9C01EFDE103BEE3ABC4D52DFB2668383609EDE

Referenced in: Germania bank

The New York Times. Germans dedicate Carl Schurz Park. (1910, October 3). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F40617FA345D16738DDDAA0894D8415B808DF1D3

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

The New York Times. Germans here quick to back president. (1917, April 7). http://tinyurl.com/c6pvs6s

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

The New York Times. Gray, Christopher. Streetscapes / The Ottendorfer Branch of the New York Public Library, 135 Second Avenue; A Victorian interior gets ready for the 21st century. (1999, January 31). http://tinyurl.com/7549sgb

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library

The New York Times. Gray, Christopher. Streetscapes/Astor Place; It’s only two blocks, but it’s full of literary History. (2003, March 2). http://www.nytimes.com/2003/03/02/realestate/streetscapes-astor-place-it-s-only-two-blocks-but-it-s-full-of-literary-history.html?scp=5&sq=astor place&st=cse

Referenced in: Astor Place

The New York Times. Harmonie Club celebrates its sixtieth anniversary. (1912, November 24). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F20F11FC355E13738DDDAD0A94D9415B828DF1D3

Referenced in: Harmonie Club

The New York Times. In and about the city: The new German Dispensary. (1884, May 25). http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F60F10F93C5B10738DDDAC0A94DD405B8484F0D3

Referenced in: German Dispensary

The New York Times. In full Catholic pomp. (1895, November 4). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9800E0D6113DE433A25757C0A9679D94649ED7CF

Referenced in: St. Joseph’s Yorkville

The New York Times. In its new headquarters. (1888, December 27). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F00D15FD3D5F15738DDDAE0A94DA415B8884F0D3

Referenced in: German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse

The New York Times.Its cornerstone laid: New building of the German Evangelical Church of Yorkville. (1888, June 4). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F50713FE395413738DDDAD0894DE405B8884F0D3

Referenced in: Zion St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church

The New York Times. Jacob Ruppert left estate of $6,382,758. (1915, December 21). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=FA0F1FFE3E5D1A728DDDA80A94DA415B858DF1D3

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

The New York Times. Kleinfield, N.R. As 9/11 draws near, a debate rises: How much tribute is enough? (2007, September 2). http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/02/nyregion/02fatigue.html?ex=1346385600&en=7c3b9a843ec42d62&ei=5124&partner=permalink&exprod=permalink

Referenced in: Zion St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church

The New York Times. Knafo, Saki. In a dense district, a park in peril. (2009, May 1). http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/03/nyregion/thecity/03playg.html?scp=1&sq=Ruppert Park&st=cse

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

The New York Times. Laying the cornerstone. (1885, November 1). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9900E4DC1E39E533A25752C0A9679D94649FD7CF

Referenced in: Immanuel Lutheran Church

The New York Times. Laying the cornerstones. (1889, November 29). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=FB0D11FA3C5F15738DDDA00A94D9415B8984F0D3

Referenced in: German Odd Fellows Hall

The New York Times. Local intelligence: Odd fellowship. (1866, August 26). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9901E2D8133DE53BBC4E51DFBE66838D679FDE

Referenced in: German Odd Fellows Hall

The New York Times. A Maskenkranzchen. (1892, February 28). http://tinyurl.com/cpkn44g

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

The New York Times. Mayor has Steinway Tunnel work stopped. (1905, September 20). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9E0DE4D6173DE733A25753C2A96F9C946497D6CF

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

The New York Times. New-York Turn Verein’s forty-fifth anniversary celebrated. (1895, June 7). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F40B1FFE3B5911738DDDAE0894DE405B8585F0D3

Referenced in: Turn Verein

The New York Times. Odd-fellows. (1870, September 25). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9D06EEDC113DE53BBC4D51DFBF66838B669FDE

Referenced in: German Odd Fellows Hall

The New York Times. Protest from St. Joseph’s. (1911, April 12). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9C04E7DD1031E233A25751C1A9629C946096D6CF

Referenced in: St. Joseph’s Yorkville

The New York Times. Queensborough Tunnel officially opened. (1915, June 23). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=980DE4DC1038E633A25750C2A9609C946496D6CF

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

The New York Times. Robinson, George. F.Y.I.: German echoes. (2003, November 9). http://www.nytimes.com/2003/11/09/nyregion/fyi-048879.html?scp=1&sq=F.Y.I.&st=nyt

Referenced in: Scheffel Hall

The New York Times. Robert Maynicke. (1913, October 1). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9801E4D7163DE633A25752C0A9669D946296D6CF

Referenced in: Germania bank

The New York Times. Schuessler, Jennifer. A German American Walks into the Library. (2009. December 10). http://tinyurl.com/cre37nq

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library

The New York Times. The schuetzen king returns (1894, September 8). http://tinyurl.com/dxbzo6w

Referenced in: German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse

The New York Times. Shown on opening day: Some of the pretty things displayed at Bloomingdales’ store. (1890, October 3). http://query.nytimes.com/search/query?query=%22bloomingdales%22&d=&o=&v=&c=&n=10&dp=0&am

Referenced in: Bloomingdale’s

The New York Times. Steinway Tunnel opening. (1915, June 20). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9B00E5D7123FE233A25753C2A9609C946496D6CF

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

The New York Times. To strike Germany from the map of the U.S. (1918, June 2). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F50C13FB3D5A11738DDDAB0894DE405B888DF1D3&scp=1&sq="to strike germany from map"&st=cse

Referenced in: Harmonie Club, Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

The New York Times. There was too little room. (1888 November 19). http://tinyurl.com/cdxu2vg

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

The New York Times. A Tompkins Square rioter sentenced. (1874, January 23). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=FB081EFA3C5F1A7493C1AB178AD85F408784F9

Referenced in: Tompkins Square Park

The New York Times. The true americanism. (1913, June 29). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=FB0D14FC3A5F13738DDDA00A94DE405B838DF1D3

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

The New York Times. Van Schaick pardoned. (1912 December 20). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9902E0DA1E3AE633A25753C2A9649D946396D6CF

Referenced in: Zion St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church

The New York Times. W.F. Mangels, 92, invented rides. (1958, February 13). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F30A11FE385D1A7B93C1A81789D85F4C8585F9

Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

The New York Times. Want the blame placed: Strong feeling over Long Island City’s disaster. (1892, December 30). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9C04E0DA1F31E033A25753C3A9649D94639ED7CF

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

The New York Times. Years of prosperity: Successful career of the Aschenbroedel Verein Hall. (1896, January 26). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F50C12F73C5F1B738DDDAF0A94D9405B8685F0D3

Referenced in: Aschenbroedel Hall

The New York Times. Yorkville improvement. (1918, July 21). http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9805E2DA143EE433A25752C2A9619C946996D6CF

Referenced in: St. Joseph’s Yorkville

NYC Park Advocates. Save Ruppert Playground. http://ruppert.nycparkadvocates.org/history.html

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. Advertisement for Steinway pianos. (1872). Image ID: 832747. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?832747

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons

NYPL Digital Gallery. The American Olympic Team of 1912. (1912). Image ID: 101297. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?101297

Referenced in: Turn Verein

NYPL Digital Gallery. Astor Place riot, 1849. (1887). Image ID: 809559. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?809559

Referenced in: Astor Place

NYPL Digital Gallery. Battle of Antietam. (1862). Image ID: 813281 http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?813281

Referenced in: Turn Verein

NYPL Digital Gallery. Carl Schurz, 1829-1906. Image ID: 98561. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?98561

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York, Carl Schurz Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. Carnegie Hall. (n.d.) Image ID: 866047. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?836047

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons

NYPL Digital Gallery. Cigarette Cards, image of Sgt. L.D. Busschau. (1936). Image ID: 1205754. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1205754

Referenced in: German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse

NYPL Digital Gallery. City-Hall. Keene, W.C., artist; Pain, W., engraver. (1904). Image ID: 801135. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?801135

Referenced in: Tompkins Square Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. Common Militia. Kredel, Fritz, artist. (1830) Image ID: 1599720 http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1599720

Referenced in: German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse

NYPL Digital Gallery. Construction of Fort George Tunnel. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. (1904). Image ID: 111337. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1113737

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

NYPL Digital Gallery. Dining room, Harmonie club, 10 East 60th St., New York. Wurts Brothers, photographer. (1906). Image ID: 801158. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?801158

Referenced in: Harmonie Club

NYPL Digital Gallery. East River Park – an oasis spared from a greedy city’s needs. (1910). Image ID: 801435. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?801435

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. Exterior view. (n.d.). Image ID: 1150614. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1150614

Referenced in: Astor Place

NYPL Digital Gallery. Exterior view - protected wooden car, showing copper sides; framing of protected wooden car. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. (1904). Image ID: 1113789. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1113789

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

NYPL Digital Gallery. F. Th. Steinway. (n.d.). Image ID: 1943602. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1943602

Referenced in: Steinway Village

NYPL Digital Gallery. A German beer garden in New York City on Sunday evening. (1859). Image ID: 805496. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?805496

Referenced in: Scheffel Hall

NYPL Digital Gallery. Grover Cleveland. (n.d.). Image ID: 1214352. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1214352

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. H. Steinway, Sr. (n.d.). Image ID: 1943604. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1943604

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons, Steinway Village

NYPL Digital Gallery. Hell Gate. Shaw, Joshua, painter; Hill, John, engraver. (1820). Image ID: 1650686. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1650686

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. Her Imperial Highness, the empress of Germany, Augusta Victoria. (n.d.) Image ID: 1103370. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1103370

Referenced in: Immanuel Lutheran Church

NYPL Digital Gallery. Home Insurance Company, No. 135 Broadway, New York. Image ID: 806047. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?806047

Referenced in: Germania Fire Insurance

NYPL Digital Gallery. The house of Astor. [7 portraits, From The Illustrated American.] (1891, February 21). Image ID: 1101662. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1101662

Referenced in: Welcome to German Traces NYC, Astor Place

NYPL Digital Gallery. "If you want a thing done, do it yourself." (1858). Image ID: 826191. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?826191

Referenced in: Bloomingdale’s

NYPL Digital Gallery. James W. Gerard, 1867-. (n.d.). Image ID: 98907. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?98907

Referenced in: Goethe-Institut Uptown Building

NYPL Digital Gallery. John Jacob Astor. Chappell, Alonzo, artist. (1864). Image ID: 1101660. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1101660

Referenced in: Astor Place

NYPL Digital Gallery. Joseph Victor von Sheffel. (n.d.). Image ID: 2039288. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?2039228

Referenced in: Scheffel Hall

NYPL Digital Gallery. Kitchen with stove (having two irons and kettle and hot water tank above it), cupboard (filled with dishes), and table (covered with figured cloth). (1902-1914). Image ID: 1583571. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1583571

Referenced in: Tenement Museum

NYPL Digital Gallery. Luna Park, Coney Island, N.Y. (1917). Image ID: 801319. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?801319

Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

NYPL Digital Gallery. Lyman G. Bloomingdale. Image ID: 1114052 http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1114052

Referenced in: Bloomingdale’s

NYPL Digital Gallery. Man and the cow. Couch, C. M., photographer. Image ID: G91F024_016F. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?G91F024_016F

Referenced in: Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady of Sorrows

NYPL Digital Gallery. Manhattan: 82nd Street - 1st Avenue. Image ID: 714617F. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?714617F

Referenced in: Glaser’s bake shop

NYPL Digital Gallery. Manhattan: 86th Street - Lexington Avenue. (1926). Image ID: 714711F. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?714711F

Referenced in: Goethe-Institut Uptown Building

NYPL Digital Gallery. Metropolitan Opera House, New York, which seats 3200 persons. (1910). Image ID: 806112. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?806112

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York

NYPL Digital Gallery. Mozart. (n.d.). Image ID: 1407547. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1407547

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons

NYPL Digital Gallery. The Museum of Art, 1893. Bonwill, Charles E. H., artist. (1892). Image ID: 805871. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?805871

Referenced in: Bloomingdale’s

NYPL Digital Gallery. The New York and Brooklyn Bridge. John A. Roebling ; Washington A. Roebling. Image ID: 2007638. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?2007638

Referenced in: Brooklyn Bridge

NYPL Digital Gallery. New York Central & Hudson River Railroad, Grand Central Station. (1903). Image ID: 1600685. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1600685

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

NYPL Digital Gallery. New York City – New York “Evening Post” building. (1875). Image ID: 806029. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?806029

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. The new Steinway Vertegrand. (1906). Image ID: 832834. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?832834

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons

NYPL Digital Gallery. The opera house, Astor Place, home of the Mercantile Library. (1886). Image ID: 806110. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?806110

Referenced in: Astor Place

NYPL Digital Gallery. Orchard street scene. (1902-1914). Image ID: 1583600. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1583600

Referenced in: Tenement Museum, Welcome to German Traces NYC

NYPL Digital Gallery. Orchard street scene. (1902-1914). Image ID: 1583600. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1583606

Referenced in: Tenement Museum, Welcome to German Traces NYC

NYPL Digital Gallery. Oswald Ottendorfer. Image ID: 1806061 http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1806061

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library, German Dispensary

NYPL Digital Gallery. Ottendorfer, desk, card catalog, and shelves. Image ID: 1253001 http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1253001

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library

NYPL Digital Gallery. Ottendorfer, exterior, "Landmark Day". Image ID: 1253011 http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1253011

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library

NYPL Digital Gallery. Ottendorfer, exterior. (1959). Image ID: 1253007 http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1253007

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library

NYPL Digital Gallery. Ottendorfer, librarian standing at desk. Image ID: 1253010 http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1253010

Referenced in: Ottendorfer Library

NYPL Digital Gallery. Outhouse interior. (1902-1914). Image ID: 1583567. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1583567

Referenced in: Tenement Museum

NYPL Digital Gallery. Overcrowding. Seven beds found in room by THD & ordered removed. (1902-1914). Image ID: 1583614. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1583614

Referenced in: Tenement Museum

NYPL Digital Gallery. Panoramic view of New York City and vicinity. (c. 1912). Image ID: 1937641. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?psnypl_map_358

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. A perspective of the new Grand Central terminal and the surrounding improvements. (1913). Image ID: 809347. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?809347

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons

NYPL Digital Gallery. Plate 117: Bounded by Avenue A, E. 91st Street, East River, East End Avenue (Carl Schurz Park) and E. 85th Street. (1916). Image ID: 1512283. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1512283

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. Poor people’s parks – Tompkins Square. (1873). Image ID: 801462. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?801462

Referenced in: Tompkins Square Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. Popular concert in Tompkins Square, N.Y. (1891). Image ID: 806158. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?806158

Referenced in: Tompkins Square Park, Welcome to German Traces NYC

NYPL Digital Gallery. President Hayes and his cabinet, from a photograph, 1879, Pach, New York. (1879). Image ID: 98570. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?98570

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

NYPL Digital Gallery. Purchase of Manhattan Island by Peter Minuit, 1626. Fredericks, Alfred, artist. (1626). http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?808099

Referenced in: Welcome to German Traces NYC

NYPL Digital Gallery. Richard Wagner. (n.d.) Image ID: 1947381. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1947381

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons

NYPL Digital Gallery. Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum. (1890-1902). Image ID: 805050. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?805050

Referenced in: St. Joseph’s Yorkville

NYPL Digital Gallery. Row of outhouses, laundry and backs of tenement. (1904). Image ID: 1576442. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1576442

Referenced in: Tenement Museum

NYPL Digital Gallery. Standard steel construction in tunnel - third rail protection not shown. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. (1904). Image ID: 1113710. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1113710

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

NYPL Digital Gallery. Steamer ‘Gen. Slocum’ [above]; North Brothers Island, East River, N.Y. [below]. [1000 lives lost .]. (1904, June 15). Image ID: PS_MSS_CD8_109. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?PS_MSS_CD8_109

Referenced in: Slocum Memorial

NYPL Digital Gallery. The Steinway grand pianoforte. (1883). Image ID: 832552. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?832552

Referenced in: Steinway & Sons, Steinway Village

NYPL Digital Gallery. Stuyvesant Pear tree, N.E. corner, 13th & 3rd. Ave, NY City. (ca. 1900). Image ID: G91F179_014F. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?G91F179_014F

Referenced in: Kiehl’s

NYPL Digital Gallery. Temporary morgue [above]; Dock at E. 26. St. [below]. [1000 lives lost; Disaster of steamer ‘Slocum.’]. (1904, June 15). Image ID: PS_MSS_CD8_108. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?PS_MSS_CD8_108

Referenced in: Slocum Memorial

NYPL Digital Gallery. Tenement Backyard with many wires and outhouses. (1902-1914). Image ID: 1583578. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1583578

Referenced in: Tenement Museum

NYPL Digital Gallery. Tenement life in New York - sketches in "Bottle Alley." Rogers, William Allen, photographer. (1879). Image ID: 809686. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?809686

Referenced in: Tenement Museum

NYPL Digital Gallery. Tracks of the armies. Volck, Adalbert John, artist. Image ID: 812938. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?812938

Referenced in: German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse

NYPL Digital Gallery. Train coming into the station at Camp Black, Long Island, New York. Van der Weyde, William M., photographer. (n.d.). Image ID: 1636245. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1636245

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

NYPL Digital Gallery. Transportation - Trolleys - [Horse drawn trolley cars run on Broadway line.] [Manhattan: Bleecker Street.] (1917). Image ID: 733526F. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?733526F

Referenced in: Bloomingdale’s, Steinway Tunnel

NYPL Digital Gallery. A typical scene on the Bowery. Hartshorn, William Newton, editor. (1910). Image ID: ps_grd_212. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?ps_grd_212

Referenced in: Germania bank

NYPL Digital Gallery. U.S. volunteers and state militia (detail). (1861). Image ID: 831420. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?831420

Referenced in: German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse

NYPL Digital Gallery. William Steinway. Image ID: 1943605. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1943605

Referenced in: Deutscher Liederkranz der Stadt New York, Steinway Village, Steinway Tunnel

NYPL Digital Gallery. William Sydney Porter, "O. Henry," 1862-1910. (n.d.). Image ID: 102814. http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?102814

Referenced in: Scheffel Hall

Old Town Bar. http://www.oldtownbar.com/visit.html

Referenced in: Old Town Bar

Our history in a New York minute. Wankel’s Hardware Store. (n.d.). http://www.wankelshardware.com/history.php

Referenced in: Wankel’s Hardware Store

Panchyk, Richard. (2008). German New York City. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishers. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZXeCB4ape_wC&printsec=frontcover&dq=panchyk+2008&hl=en&ei=5SpqTtGHA82cgQfpsannBQ&sa=X&oi=book_re

Referenced in: Heidelberg Restaurant, Schaller & Weber

Penn Station. http://nyc-architecture.com/GON/gon-penn6.jpg

Referenced in: Welcome to German Traces NYC

Peter Minuit. (2011). In: Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/384645/Peter-Minuit

Referenced in: Welcome to German Traces NYC

Portrait of Carl Bergman. In: George P. Upton. (1908). Musical memories: My recollections of celebrities of the half century: 1850-1900 (p.54). Chicago: A.C. McClurg. http://tinyurl.com/btqz5b4

Referenced in: Aschenbroedel Hall

Pressman, Gabe. (2010, June 14). The Tragedy of the Steamboat General Slocum. NBC New York. http://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/local/The-Tragedy-of-the-Steamboat-General-Slocum-96325819.html

Referenced in: Slocum Memorial, Tompkins Square Park

Reissig, Paula. Journey into the past: One of the rooms in “Hotel Savoy” [photograph]. (2010). http://www.goethe.de/uun/bdu/en6671514.htm

Referenced in: Goethe-Institut Uptown Building

Rogoff, David. The Steinway Tunnels. In: Electric Railroads 29. (1960, April). http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/steinwaytunnels.html

Referenced in: Steinway Tunnel

Ross, Theodore A. (1888). Odd fellowship: Its history and manual. New York: M.W. Hazen. http://books.google.com/books?id=uh8a1JEP44oC&pg=PP1 - v=onepage&q&f=false

Referenced in: German Odd Fellows Hall

Ruppert House. The Ruppert Family. http://rupperthouse.com/aboutus.html

Referenced in: Ruppert Park

Saywack, Priam. (n.d.). Immigration in New York City. Fordham University. http://www.fordham.edu/academics/colleges__graduate_s/undergraduate_colleg/fordham_college_at_l/special_programs/honors_program/hudsonfulton_celebra/homepage/the_basics_of_nyc/immigration_32224.asp

Referenced in: Welcome to German Traces NYC

Schaller & Weber. http://schallerweber.tumblr.com/

Referenced in: Schaller & Weber

Schaller & Weber. Untitled photographs. Courtesy of Schaller & Weber.

Referenced in: Schaller & Weber, Welcome to German Traces NYC

Scheffel, Joseph Victor von. (1868). Gaudeamus: Lieder aus dem engeren und weiteren. Stuttgart: J.G. Wetzler. http://books.google.com/books?id=uNg6AAAAcAAJ&pg=PR1 - v=onepage&q&f=false

Referenced in: Scheffel Hall

Sears, Stephen. W. (1983). Landscape turned red: The battle of Antietam. New Haven, CT: Popular Library.

Referenced in: Turn Verein

Shin, Laura. (2011, March 16). Taste of Germantown resides in brat shop. Our Town NY. http://ourtownny.com/2011/03/16/taste-of-germantown-resides-in-brat-shop/#more-11161

Referenced in: Schaller & Weber

Shope, Leslie. (2009, August 31). W.F. Mangels and his “amusing” career. Brooklynology, Brooklyn Public Library. http://brooklynology.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/post/2009/08/31/WF-Mangels-and-his-Amusing-Career.aspx

Referenced in: W.F. Mangels Company of Coney Island

Smith Provision Co. About Smith’s, Smith History & Profile. http://www.smithhotdogs.com/about_smiths/history/

Referenced in: Schaller & Weber

Sniffen, Lynn. Carl Schurz Park. Uppereast.com. http://www.uppereast.com/carl-schurz-park

Referenced in: Carl Schurz Park

Sombke, Laurence. (1986, February 3). The wurst of New York: Casing the city’s best sausage. New York Magazine. http://books.google.com/bo

Referenced in: Schaller & Weber

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